Model steam engine c. 1900-1920

Vancouver : Museum of Vancouver

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Document Record
Creator Banfield, W. Orson
Title Model steam engine c. 1900-1920
Published Vancouver : Museum of Vancouver
Identifier 68974
Language English
Media Image
Contributor Museum of Vancouver
Description <div class="field-item field-item-0">Until the invention of the steam engine, most labour was accomplished by the exertions of men and animals or by harnessing the forces of nature through such devices as windmills and waterwheels. With the coming of the steam engine, people no longer had to rely on muscle power or natural phenomena. The first practical steam engine, built in 1712 by Englishman Thomas Newcomen (1663-1729), was used to pump out a flooded coal mine. A more efficient machine was patented by Scotsman James Watt (1736-1819) in 1769. Watt's improved engine provided the power needed for the transformation to an industrialized society. By the end of the 19th century, steam engines were running factories, ships, locomotives, farm machines, and electric generators and had become the chief source of power on the planet. Small steam engines work on the same principle as their larger counterparts. Water is heated in the boiler, usually by an alcohol burner, and the pressure of the resulting steam causes rotors to spin or pistons to move back and forth. This steam engine was made around 1900. The donor, W. Orson Banfield, was born in Vancouver in 1898. His parents, John Joseph Banfied and Catherine Harriet Oille, had come to the coast from St. Catherines, Ontario, several years prior to his birth.</div><div class="field-item field-item-1">was Mr. Banfield's when he was young, in Vancouver; in 1981 he was in his 80's</div>
a) black & chrome; on green metal base; golden trim; b) small wick box with (c) screw top.
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