Patsy doll; clothing

Vancouver : Museum of Vancouver

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Document Record
Creator Sumpton, Anna, (Mrs.)
Title Patsy doll; clothing
Published Vancouver : Museum of Vancouver
Identifier 69324
Language English
Media Image
Contributor Museum of Vancouver
Description In the 20th century, the United States led the world in the production of dolls made from such materials as composition, celluloid, and plastic. Composition, which is derived from wood or paper pulp, was an inexpensive alternative to bisque. American firms manufactured a variety of dolls using this substance, the most popular of which was the Shirley Temple doll made by the Ideal Novelty & Toy Co. of Brooklyn. Celluloid dolls became popular during the early decades of the century. Celluloid, a material made from cellulose nitrates and camphor, was lightweight, inexpensive, and easy to mould. Unfortunately, it was also highly flammable and was phased out when other forms of plastic were developed during World War II. After the war, dollmakers produced dolls of hard plastic. Durable and economical, plastic dolls could be easily mass-produced, but were inflexible. In the 1950s, vinyl, a pliable form of plastic, replaced the older material. Barbie, the most commercially successful doll of all time, is made of vinyl as are many of today's toys. This doll was designed by Bernard Lipfert for the American firm of Effanbee which made thousands of composition dolls from the 1920s to the 1940s. Patsy dates from 1928 and was one of the company's most popular models. She has a ball neck going into a socket head, one bent arm, and straight legs. Her painted eyes are blue and she has a snub nose and a rosebud mouth. With her short hair, plump body, and smock like clothes, Patsy looked like a 20th century child and was considered quite revolutionary when she was first produced. This model still wears her original bracelet which bears her name.
<div class="field-item field-item-0">a) small doll with moulded hair, pursed lips and eyes that open and close; b-d) matching pale yellow rayon clothes;hat has orange ties;dress has orange and blue embroidered flower; e) pale yellow corduroy coat; f) bracelet, heart-shaped with "patsy"; label marked "Eff Bee Durable Dolls"; g) coat; h) hat; a) 14.5 cm wide, 34 cm long; b) 12 cm wide, 13 cm long; c) 14 cm wide, 15 cm long; d) 10 cm wide, 13 cm long; e) 14 cm wide; 25 cm long; f)2 cm wide, 2 cm long; g) 14 cm wide, 23 cm long; h) 8 cm wide, 10 cm long.</div><div class="field-item field-item-1">A) DOLL; B) UNDERWEAR; C) DRESS; D) HAT; E) COAT; F) BRACELET; G) COAT; H) HAT</div>
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